Four Types of Architecture

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Architecture is built only to meet the specifications of an individual or group. Economic law prohibits architects from emulating their fellow artists in works for which demand is negligible or merely probable. So the types of architecture depend on social structures and can be classified according to the role of the patron in the community. The types that will be discussed here – domestic, religious, governmental, recreational, welfare and educational, and commercial and industrial – represent the simplest classification; A scientific typology of architecture would require a more detailed analysis.

Domestic architecture

Home architecture is designed for the social unit: the individual, family, or clan and their dependents, human and animal. It provides shelter and protection for the basic physical functions of life and sometimes for commercial, industrial, or agricultural activities that involve the family unit rather than the community. The basic requirements of domestic architecture are simple: sleeping, preparing food, eating, and perhaps working space; A place that is light and protected from the weather. A single room, a door, a window, and a stove are requirements with strong walls and ceilings; Everything else is luxury.

vernacular architecture

Today, habitats of ancient or prehistoric origin are in use in most parts of the world, even where institutions are in a continuous process of change. For example, barns are being built in the industrialized United States according to the planned design in Europe in the 1st millennium BCE. The forces that create a dynamic development of architectural style in communal buildings are usually idle at home and farm. The lives of the average people can be untouched by the most fundamental changes in their institutions.

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People can become slaves sequentially, subjects of a monarchy, and voting citizens do not have the desire or desire to change the means, techniques, or surroundings. Economic pressure is the major factor that causes average individuals to limit their demands to a level that is capable of keeping up with the technology of their time. Often they build new structures with older technologies because experimentation and innovation are more expensive than iteration.

But in wealthy cultures, economy permits and customs encourage architecture to provide separate areas for sanitation, lighting, and heating, as well as perform separate functions and be considered as a necessity Can. It is for this reason that with the aspirations of institutional architecture to change the stereotypes of the house and to emphasize the expressive as well as utilitarian function.

Types of Architecture

Power architecture

As wealth and expression grow, a particular type of domestic building can be called A powerful architecture. In almost every civilization, the style of society empowers some of its members to use community resources to build their homes, palaces, villas, gardens, and recreational areas. These few, whose benefits usually come from economic, religious, or class discrimination, enjoy various domestic activities related to their status.

These may include collective duties: matters of state and administration of justice in the palace of the Flavian kings in ancient Rome. Versailles Palace, a city in itself, provided the necessities and comforts of life to thousands of people from all walks of life and was the center of government for the Empire of Louis XIV.

Power in architecture can also be a complex expression, as the symbol of power through beauty or performance is a powerful responsibility or necessity (and often a mistake). Because the ceremony usually does not do much to please patrons so that they can show their social status to others, power architecture also becomes communal and domestic. In democracies such as ancient Greece and the modern Western world, this display of power may be more secure, but it is still distinctive. Group accommodation

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Group architecture

Thirdly, three-bedroom apartments are more than one size, therefore both public and private. The modern world is well known through the extensive development of the hostel, allowing individuals or families to live in more than one place or have never fought in one. small. Habitat is built from a variety of cultures: through interdependent states, consideration of living standards, with emphasis on the working class, and through conflict resolution.

To bring people along. Apartment house freely according to urban conditions by ancient cities of ancient Rome and the agricultural conditions by American Indians was developed independently. Group architecture can also be energy architecture, especially when land values ​​are too much to allow the rich to build privately, as in Voges Paris in the 17th century, where the mansion decorated around the square Was designed in the same way. , Or 18th. Centennial flats in English cities and places.

Although many 20th century buildings used the style and techniques of the past, unique materials are more important and more important for the development of architecture. The reason for this is that economic distribution is widespread around the world where the economy and housing are needed, and the state of the state has taken over the housing market.